Additive Manufacturing in Construction

Focus Area A

Focus Area A ‘Materials and Processes’ centres on the investigation of basic principles for the development from scratch of unique AMC processes for concrete, steel, and timber. As mentioned above, the innovation potential of the proposal is based primarily on the merging of material and process developments produced in interdisciplinary research teams.
Based on the state of research and the results of preliminary research projects carried out by the applicants, two groups of additive manufacturing technologies are considered promising for implementation in construction: (1) particle-bed 3D printing techniques and (2) deposition 3D printing techniques.

Particle-bed 3D printing techniques include selective cement activation (SCA) (A01) and selective paste intrusion (SPI) (A02) for concrete, as well as selective laser melting (SLM) (A06) for steel and individual layer fabrication (A08) for timber. Among the deposition techniques, extrusion 3D printing (A03) and shotcrete 3D printing (SC3DP) (A04) for concrete, as well as wire and arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) (A07) for steel are considered.

Project A 01

Approach Visuals Figure 2: 3D printing of prismatic specimens for bending tensile and compressive strength / Credit: Dreßler, iBMB TU Braunschweig Figure 3: De-powdering of a printed column / Credit:…

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Arno Kwade Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dirk Lowke
M. Sc. Friedrich Herding Dr.-Ing. Inka Mai M. Sc. Niklas Meier Dr.-Ing. Harald Zetzener
Project A 02

Figure 1: Production cycle of SPI with WAAM reinforcement: I) application of the WAAM reinforcement, II) spreading of the next aggregate layer, III) intrusion of the cement paste in the target layer,…

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christoph Gehlen Prof. Dr.-Ing. Arno Kwade Prof. Dr.-Ing. Michael F. Zäh
M. Sc. Leigh Duncan Hamilton Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kränkel M. Sc. Felix Riegger M. Sc. Alexander Straßer M. Sc. Andreas Wimmer
Project A 03

Networking with other projects Extrusion of Near-Nozzle Mixed Concrete –Individually Graded in Density and in Rate of 3D Fibre Reinforcement The gradation of material properties in concrete extrusion…

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Johannes Fottner Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christoph Gehlen
M. Sc. Maximilian Dahlenburg M. Sc. Maximilian Hechtl Dipl.-Ing. Stephan Kessler Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kränkel
Project A 04

Networking with other projects Integrated Additive Manufacturing Processes for Reinforced Shotcrete 3D Printing (SC3DP) Elements with Precise Surface Quality Within this project, basic research on var…

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Klaus Dröder Prof. Dr.-Ing. Harald Kloft Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dirk Lowke
M. Sc. Neira Babovic Dr.-Ing. Abtin Baghdadi M. Sc. Martin David M. Sc. Robin Dörrie M. Sc. Niklas Freund Dr.-Ing. Inka Mai PhD Aileen Vandenberg
Project A 05

Half-covered real-scale case study for the combination of Core Winding Reinforcement and Shotcrete 3D Printing. The reinforcement layout was derived from principle stress analysis (overlay on the left…

Prof. Dr. sc. ETH Zurich Dipl. Ing. M.A. AA Norman Hack Prof. Dr.-Ing. Christian Hühne
M. Sc. Mohammad Bahar M. Sc. Stefan Gantner M. A. S. Noor Khader M. Sc. Tom Rothe
Project A 06

Shape-optimized tensegrity node manufactured by PBF-LB/M (vibratory ground and polished) Shape-optimized tensegrity node manufactured by PBF-LB/M (as-built with support structure) Typical microstructu…

Dr.-Ing. Christina Radlbeck Prof. Dr.-Ing. Michael F. Zäh
M. Sc. Johannes Diller M. Sc. Dorina Siebert M. Sc. David L. Wenzler M. Sc. Andreas Wimmer
Project A 07

Node with minimum wall thickness and restricted overhang as constraints for topology optimisation using self-organising systems Anchorage structure produced by WAAM Thin-walled structure with one-side…

Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jonas Hensel Prof. Dr.-Ing. Harald Kloft Prof. Dr. sc. techn. Klaus Thiele
Dr.-Ing. André Hälsig M. Sc. Hendrik Jahns Dipl.-Ing. Christoph Müller M. Sc. Johanna Müller Dr.-Ing. Julian Unglaub M. Eng. Ronny Scharf-Wildenhain
Project A 08

Networking with other projects Structural Timber by Individual Layer Fabrication (ILF) In project A08 a novel fabrication process named ‘individual layer fabrication (ILF)’ is being investigated, whic…

Dr. rer. nat. Frauke Bunzel Dr.-Ing. Klaudius Henke
M. Sc. Carsten Aßhoff M. Sc. Birger Buschmann M. Sc. Daniel Talke